Congressional Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 45th Infantry, Philippine Scouts.
Place and date: Near Bagac, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, 3 February 1942.
Entered service at: New Ulm, Minnesota.
Born: New Ulm, Minnesota.
G.O. No.: 11, 5 March 1942.
When the rifle platoon of another company was ordered to wipe out two strong enemy machinegun nests, 1st Lt. Bianchi voluntarily and of his own initiative, advanced with the platoon leading part of the men.
When wounded early in the action by two bullets through the left hand, he did not stop for first aid but discarded his rifle and began firing a pistol. He located a machinegun nest and personally silenced it with grenades.
When wounded the second time by two machinegun bullets through the chest muscles, 1st Lt. Bianchi climbed to the top of an American tank, manned its antiaircraft machinegun, and fired into strongly held enemy position until knocked completely off the tank by a third severe wound.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Battery B, 88th Field Artillery, Philippine Scouts.
Place and date: At Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, 16 January 1942.
Entered service at: Fort Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands.
Born: 29 December 1907, Barrio Tagsing, Leon, Iloilo, Philippine Islands.
G.O. No.: 10, 24 February 1942.
A battery gun position was bombed and shelled by the enemy until one gun was put out of commission and all the cannoneers were killed or wounded. Sgt. Calugas, a mess sergeant of another battery, voluntarily and without orders ran 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun position. There he organized a volunteer squad which placed the gun back in commission and fired effectively against the enemy, although the position remained under constant and heavy Japanese artillery fire.
Rank and organization: General, U.S. Army, commanding U.S. Army Forces in the Far East.
Place and date: Bataan Peninsula, Philippine Islands.
Entered service at: Ashland, Wisconsin.
Born: Little Rock, Arkansas.
G.O. No.: 16, 1 April 1942.
For conspicuous leadership in preparing the Philippine Islands to resist conquest, for gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against invading Japanese forces, and for the heroic conduct of defensive and offensive operations on the Bataan Peninsula.
General MacArthur mobilized, trained, and led an army which has received world acclaim for its gallant defense against a tremendous superiority of enemy forces in men and arms. His utter disregard of personal danger under heavy fire and aerial bombardment, his calm judgment in each crisis, inspired his troops, galvanized the spirit of resistance of the Filipino people, and confirmed the faith of the American people in their Armed Forces.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 57th Infantry, Philippine Scouts.
Place and date: Near Abucay, Bataan, Philippine Islands, 12 January 1942.
Entered service at: Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Born: Gainesville, Georgia.
G.O. No.: 9, 5 February 1942.
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Abucay, Bataan, Philippine Islands, on 12 January 1942.
This officer, though assigned to another company not then engaged in combat, voluntarily attached himself to Company K, same regiment, while that unit was being attacked by enemy force superior in firepower. Enemy snipers in trees and foxholes had stopped a counterattack to regain part of position.
In hand-to-hand fighting which followed, 2d Lt. Nininger repeatedly forced his way to and into the hostile position. Though exposed to heavy enemy fire, he continued to attack with rifle and handgrenades and succeeded in destroying several enemy groups in foxholes and enemy snipers. Although wounded three times, he continued his attacks until he was killed after pushing alone far within the enemy position.
When his body was found after recapture of the position, one enemy officer and two enemy soldiers lay dead around him.
Rank and organization: General, Commanding U.S. Army Forces in the Philippines.
Place and date: Philippine Islands, 12 March to 7 May 1942.
Entered service at: Skaneateles, New York.
Born: Walla Walla, Washington.
G.O. No.: 80, 19 September 1945.
General Wainwright distinguished himself by intrepid and determined leadership against greatly superior enemy forces.
At the repeated risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in his position, he frequented the firing line of his troops where his presence provided the example and incentive that helped make the gallant efforts of these men possible.
The final stand on beleaguered Corregidor, for which he was in an important measure personally responsible, commanded the admiration of the Nation's allies. It reflected the high morale of American arms in the face of overwhelming odds. His courage and resolution were a vitally needed inspiration to the then sorely pressed freedom-loving peoples of the world. WWII Reference Library | Pacific Theater Home Page
[To create this Medal of Honor information directory we used primary source materials from the U.S. Army Center for Military History. However, the official citations have been edited to make them more readable.]