World War II in Italy
This Southern European nation was controlled by fascists led by Benito Mussolini starting in 1922. In 1925 Mussolini, ended democracy in Italy by dismissing the Italian Parliament.
On October 25, 1936, Mussolini and Hitler announced a Rome-Berlin alliance -- the Axis.
The German forces finally surrendered on May 2, 1945.
For the Allies, the Italian campaign involved some of the hardest fighting in the war. It cost the United States some 114,000 casualties.
By the end of the war, the Italian economy was devasted and over 300,000 Italian men and boys were killed.