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Congressional Medal of Honor
Heroes of the North African Campaign


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor
Awarded Posthumously

ROBERT D. BOOKER

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 34th Infantry Division.
Place and date: Near Fondouk, Tunisia, 9 April 1943.
Entered service at: Callaway, Nebraska.
Born: 11 July 1920, Callaway, Nebraska.
G.O. No.: 34, 25 April 1944.

Pvt. Booker, while engaged in action against the enemy, carried a light machinegun and a box of ammunition over 200 yards of open ground. He continued to advance despite the fact that two enemy machineguns and several mortars were using him as an individual target. Although enemy artillery also began to register on him, upon reaching his objective he immediately commenced firing. After being wounded he silenced one enemy machinegun and was beginning to fire at the other when he received a second mortal wound. With his last remaining strength he encouraged the members of his squad and directed their fire. Pvt. Booker acted without regard for his own safety. His initiative and courage against insurmountable odds are an example of the highest standard of self-sacrifice and fidelity to duty.


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor
Awarded Posthumously

DEMAS T. CRAW

Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Army Air Corps.
Place and date: Near Port Lyautey, French Morocco, 8 November 1942.
Entered service at: Michigan.
Born: 9 April 1900, Traverse City, Michigan.
G.O. No.: 11, 4 March 1943.

Col. Craw volunteered to accompany the leading wave of assault boats to the shore and pass through the enemy lines to locate the French commander with a view to suspending hostilities. This request was first refused as being too dangerous but upon the officer's insistence that he was qualified to undertake and accomplish the mission he was allowed to go.

Encountering heavy fire while in the landing boat and unable to dock in the river because of shell fire from shore batteries, Col. Craw, accompanied by one officer and one soldier, succeeded in landing on the beach at Mehdia Plage under constant low-level strafing from three enemy planes. Riding in a bantam truck toward French headquarters, progress of the party was hindered by fire from our own naval guns. Nearing Port Lyautey, Col. Craw was instantly killed by a sustained burst of machinegun fire at pointblank range from a concealed position near the road.


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor

PIERPONT M. HAMILTON

Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps.
Place and date: Near Port Lyautey, French Morocco, 8 November 1942.
Entered service at: New York, New York.
Born: 3 August 1898, Tuxedo Park, New York.
G.O. No.: 4, 23 January 1943.

Lt. Col. Hamilton volunteered to accompany Col. Demas Craw on a dangerous mission to the French commander, designed to bring about a cessation of hostilities. Driven away from the mouth of the Sebou River by heavy shelling from all sides, the landing boat was finally beached at Mehdia Plage despite continuous machinegun fire from three low-flying hostile planes.

Driven in a light truck toward French headquarters, this courageous mission encountered intermittent firing, and as it neared Port Lyautey a heavy burst of machinegun fire was delivered upon the truck from pointblank range, killing Col. Craw instantly. Although captured immediately, after this incident, Lt. Col. Hamilton completed the mission.


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor
Awarded Posthumously

NICHOLAS MINUE

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company A, 6th Armored Infantry, 1st Armored Division.
Place and date: Near MedjezelBab, Tunisia, 28 April 1943.
Entered service at: Carteret, New Jersey.
Born: Sedden, Poland.
G.O. No.: 24, 25 March 1944.

When the advance of the assault elements of Company A was held up by flanking fire from an enemy machinegun nest, Pvt. Minue voluntarily, alone, and unhesitatingly, with complete disregard of his own welfare, charged the enemy entrenched position with fixed bayonet. Pvt. Minue assaulted the enemy under a withering machinegun and rifle fire, killing approximately 10 enemy machinegunners and riflemen. After completely destroying this position, Pvt. Minue continued forward, routing enemy riflemen from dugout positions until he was fatally wounded. The courage, fearlessness and aggressiveness displayed by Pvt. Minue in the face of inevitable death was unquestionably the factor that gave his company the offensive spirit that was necessary for advancing and driving the enemy from the entire sector.


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor

WILLIAM L. NELSON

Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division.
Place and date: At Djebel Dardys, Northwest of Sedjenane, Tunisia, 24 April 1943.
Entered service at: Middletown, Delaware.
Born: Dover, Delaware.
G.O. No.: 85, 17 December 1943.

On the morning of 24 April 1943, Sgt. Nelson led his section of heavy mortars to a forward position where he placed his guns and men. Under intense enemy artillery, mortar, and small-arms fire, he advanced alone to a chosen observation position from which he directed the laying of a concentrated mortar barrage which successfully halted an initial enemy counterattack. Although mortally wounded in the accomplishment of his mission, and with his duty clearly completed, Sgt. Nelson crawled to a still more advanced observation point and continued to direct the fire of his section. Dying of handgrenade wounds and only 50 yards from the enemy, Sgt. Nelson encouraged his section to continue their fire and by doing so they took a heavy toll of enemy lives. The skill which Sgt. Nelson displayed in this engagement, his courage, and self-sacrificing devotion to duty and heroism resulting in the loss of his life, was a priceless inspiration to our Armed Forces and were in keeping with the highest tradition of the U.S. Army.


World War II History Medal of Honor Separator


Congressional Medal of Honor

WILLIAM H. WILBUR

Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Army, Western Task Force, North Africa.
Place and date: Fedala, North Africa, 8 November 1942.
Entered service at: Palmer, Massachusetts.
Born: Palmer, Massachusetts.
G.O. No.: 2, 13 January 1943.

Col. Wilbur prepared the plan for making contact with French commanders in Casablanca and obtaining an armistice to prevent unnecessary bloodshed. On 8 November 1942, he landed at Fedala with the leading assault waves where opposition had developed into a firm and continuous defensive line across his route of advance. Commandeering a vehicle, he was driven toward the hostile defenses under incessant fire, finally locating a French officer who accorded him passage through the forward positions. He then proceeded in total darkness through 16 miles of enemy-occupied country intermittently subjected to heavy bursts of fire, and accomplished his mission by delivering his letters to appropriate French officials in Casablanca. Returning toward his command, Col. Wilbur detected a hostile battery firing effectively on our troops. He took charge of a platoon of American tanks and personally led them in an attack and capture of the battery. From the moment of landing until the cessation of hostile resistance, Col. Wilbur's conduct was voluntary and exemplary in its coolness and daring.


[To create this Medal of Honor information directory we used primary source materials from the U.S. Army Center for Military History. However, the official citations have been edited to make them more readable.]

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